Senior White House advisor Jared Kushner. (Photo: AP / Evan Vucci)
"That's a very good question," Kushner told Jonathan Swan in an "Axios on HBO" interview. "The hope is that over time they can become capable of governing."
Kushner, who has been tasked by President Trump with creating a Palestinian-Israeli peace plan, was right to express skepticism about the problem-plagued government operated by the Palestinian Authority.
It's far from certain whether the current entrenched and fossilized Palestinian leadership can stand without a web of Israeli security cooperation, or whether it can function without the financial corruption that promotes the maintenance of the status quo.
These concerns grow all the more urgent as the Trump administration's peace team prepares to head to Bahrain for the Peace to Prosperity Economic Workshop June 25 and 26. The workshop is a significant component of the overall peace plan envisaged by the Trump team.
The idea behind the workshop is to provide an economic roadmap that paves a path to a brighter future for Palestinians. Yet the Palestinian Authority continues to obstruct progress that could lead to peace, economic development, and better lives for the Palestinians it claims to serve.
Not surprisingly, the Palestinian people have a very low opinion of the Palestinian Authority.
According to the latest poll conducted by the prominent Palestinian pollster, Khalil Shikaki, 82 percent of Palestinians believe the Palestinian Authority is corrupt. Only 34 percent are satisfied with the performance of Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas' government. And 60 percent want Abbas to resign.
Perhaps those sentiments shouldn't come as a surprise. After all, Abbas is currently serving in the 15th year of a four-year-term, since no elections were ever held at the official end of his term.
It's understandable that the Palestinian people want change. Recent revelations from leaked documents show that the Palestinian Authority Cabinet enjoyed a 67 percent salary hike while the labor market was sputtering in 2017.
If good governance and institution-building have proven elusive to the Palestinian leadership, marketing their cause internationally has not.
This is despite the fact that a December 2018 study released by the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace found that Palestinian leaders and institutions "do little policymaking, pursue no coherent ideology, express no compelling moral vision, are subject to no oversight, and inspire no collective enthusiasm."
Nevertheless, the Palestinian Authority is one of the largest recipients of international development assistance in the world, averaging $2.3 billion per year from 2008 through 2016, according to the Carnegie study. This is about three times as much foreign aid as the Palestinian Authority received from 1994 through 2000.
Unfortunately, the Palestinian Authority uses far too little of the foreign aid it collects for the betterment of its own people and far too much to fan the flames of hatred and promote violence against Israel.
For example, the Palestinian Authority's 2018 annual budget allocated more than $330 million for its aptly nicknamed "pay-for-slay" program. The program gives cash payments to the families of Palestinian terrorists and people killed, injured, or imprisoned during the course of violent demonstrations against Israel.
Given that the terror stipend amounts to more than the average Palestinian earns in a job, it undoubtedly provides a powerful incentive to kill and maim Israelis.
Yet the international community continues to toss good money after bad with donations to the Palestinian Authority, reinforcing bad governance.
The Trump administration has recognized the lack of return on American's investment and slashed more than $200 million in bilateral assistance to the Palestinians.
And Israel announced it would deduct $138 million per year from the tax revenue it collects on behalf of the Palestinian Authority, in response to the terrorist stipend program.
The Palestinian response was predictable. "Even if we have only a penny left," Abbas said last July, "we will give it to the martyrs, the prisoners and their families."
New Palestinian Prime Minister Muhammad Shtayyeh was reading from the same old script when he recently claimed the Palestinian Authority is running out of money and could collapse this summer.
While Shtayyeh's warning is meant to spur the international community to come to the financial rescue yet again, his suggestion that the Palestinian Authority might have to furlough its police officers was meant as a shot across Israel's bow.
After all, the Palestinians in the West Bank depend on Israel's security cooperation. Recall that the Palestinian Authority received Gaza after Israel's withdrawal in 2005 but was ousted by Hamas in a bloody coup two years later. Both Israel and the Palestinian Authority have no interest in repeating the Gaza experience in the West Bank.
The Palestinian authority "is plagued by financial and political corruption at the highest levels," said Jonathan Schanzer, senior vice president at the Foundation for Defense of Democracies. He literally wrote the book on the subject, titled "State of Failure."
"This is hardly the time for independence," Schanzer said. "But it would be a good time for infrastructure and institution building."
The "Peace to Prosperity" conference scheduled later this month in Bahrain is part of the Trump administration's effort to address this need. But don't expect the ostensibly cash-strapped Palestinian Authority to attend the economic workshop.
The Palestinian Authority is boycotting the gathering and has embarked on a campaign to pressure states and individual Palestinians alike not to attend. This is yet another official act of Palestinian Authority self-sabotage in a decades-long list of opportunities shunned.
Nevertheless, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Egypt, Jordan and Morocco have indicated they will send representatives to the conference. So will global financial bodies, such as the International Monetary Fund, the World Bank, and the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development.
As a result, Kushner and his peace team's approach to peacemaking stands a better chance of moving the proverbial ball forward than repeating what hasn't worked before.
In the end, much depends on whether the Palestinian Authority can rise to the occasion when it has institutionalized its own state of failure. Kushner is wise to question whether that can change, even as he is committed to making progress.